Aug 4, 2007

Attacking from the guard: the Omaplata

The Omaplata is one of the hardest submissions to go directly to, imho, but one of the easiest submissions to transition to if your Kimura attempt goes south. If you don't know what a Kimura is... *sigh* I guess I'll make a post about it later.

Wikipedia says:
The omoplata (sometimes referred to as ude-garami or sankaku-garami, 三角緘, "triangular entanglement"[2][3] or ashi-garami, "leg entanglement"[4] in Judo) is a commonly featured shoulder lock in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. The locking mechanism is similar to the kimura lock, but instead of using a figure-four, it is applied using a leg. The omoplata can be applied from the guard, by placing one leg under the opponents armpit and turning 180 degrees in the direction of that leg, so that the leg moves over the back of the opponent and entangles the opponents arm. By controlling the opponent's body and pushing the arm perpendicularly away from the opponents back, pressure can be put on the opponent's shoulder. It is also possible to put pressure on the elbow joint by bending the leg entangling the arm, and twisting it in a specific manner. Though an effective lock, it is more difficult than other armlocks to successfully apply.

Some helpful hints from

Tightly triangle your legs while applying the technique to prevent your opponent escaping his arm. You may have to open your legs at a later stage in the attack to finalize the submission, but keep it tight until you have your opponent under control

Be ready to apply Omo Plata anytime your opponent overhooks one of your legs while trying to pass your guard
Try to get your body lined up opposite to your opponent's body: your head should be near his feet and your feet near his head

As soon as you have applied it you need to stop your opponent from stepping over your head. Some basic ways to do this include sitting up, grabbing his belt or hooking his near leg with your arm

Practice regaining the guard or half-guard if your opponent manages to yank his arm out of danger. You are in danger of having your guard passed unless you anticipate this response and adapt your game accordingly

Try to learn as many setups and follow-ups to Omo Plata as possible. You can learn or develop drills to help make these techniques instinctive. Also try to learn different counters, both to use them yourself and to prevent your opponent from escaping from your submission once it is sunk in.

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